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Indicators

There are four indicators for measuring school performance that are required by ESSA: 
 
  • Proficiency: Pennsylvania’s measure for proficiency is percent Proficient/Advanced in English Language Arts/Literature and in Mathematics/Algebra I on PSSA/PASA/Keystone Exams for the all students group.
      
  • Academic Progress: Pennsylvania will use growth calculations derived from the Pennsylvania Value Added Assessment System (PVAAS), which measures whether students gain, maintain, or decline in academic performance.
           
  • Graduation Rate: Pennsylvania will seek flexibility to use the greater of the four- or five year adjusted cohort graduation rate, that is the percentage of students who earn a high school diploma in four or five or fewer years. 
      
  • English Learner proficiency: Pennsylvania will use English Learner growth in scaled score toward attainment of English proficiency as measured by ACCESS for ELLs assessment.

Pennsylvania identified two additional indicators: 

  • Career readiness benchmark: Pennsylvania will use the percent of students who demonstrate engagement in career exploration and preparation, with individualized career plans through specific measures by or before the end of grades 5, 8, and 11. 
       
  • Chronic absenteeism: Pennsylvania will use the percentage of students who have missed more than 10 percent of school days in the academic year, or approximately 18 days in a 180-day school year.