Arts & Humanities
Arts and Humanities
encompasses the discipline areas of visual art, music, theatre and dance. These areas are unified by the themes of production, history, criticism and aesthetics. In the arts and humanities the human need to create can be expressed kinesthetically, aurally, spatially or through interdisciplinary interpretation. The rich experiences and learning provided to students in Pennsylvania by quality teachers in the arts and humanities has produced nationally recognized artists.
Arts and Humanities Academic Standards
All students in grades K-12 must be provided with instruction in all four arts disciplines: dance, music, theater and the visual arts.
- Dance Education is a kinesthetic art form that satisfies the human need to respond to life experiences through movement of the physical being.
- Music Education is an aural art form that satisfies the human need to respond to life experiences through singing, listening and/or playing an instrument.
- Theatre Education is an interdisciplinary art form that satisfies the human need to express thoughts and feelings through written text, dramatic interpretation and multimedia production.
- Visual Arts Education is a spatial art form that satisfies the human need to respond to life experiences through images, structures and tactile works.
Local school districts are responsible for creating written curricula in all content areas. The state Academic Standards outline the minimum skills and knowledge that students must have at the end of grades 3, 5, 8 and 12. School districts are responsible for assessing students in the arts and insuring that they are proficient in the standards in order to graduate.
The Standards Aligned System (SAS) is the
Pennsylvania Department of Educations digital curriculum and instruction
resource site. SAS is comprised of six distinct elements which provide a common framework for continuous student, teacher, and school and district growth.
The elements are Standards, Assessment, Curriculum Framework, Instruction, Materials and Resources, and Safe and Supportive Schools.
The academic standards for arts and humanities, as well as resources for teaching and developing high quality visual art, music, theatre and dance education programs, are available on SAS.
Art and music are taught by certified art and music educators. Dance is taught by educators certified in health and physical education, and theatre is taught by educators certified in either communications or English.
Certification and Staffing Policy Guidelines that pertain to arts and humanities education certification and course assignment are:
CSPG 31 Art
- CSPG 36 Communications
- CSPG 41 Elementary Education
- CSPG 42 English
- CSPG 47 Health and Physical Education
- CSPG 51 Middle Level English
- CSPG 55 Music Education
Dance educators are certified under CSPG 47 Health and Physical Education. Music educators are certified under CSPG 55 Music Education and/or 41 Elementary Education. Theatre educators are certified under CSPG 41 Elementary, CSPG 42 English and/or CSPG 51 Middle Level English. Visual arts educators are certified under CSPG 51 Middle Level English and/or CSPG 31 Art.
Questions regarding certification requirements should be directed to the
Pennsylvania Department of Education Bureau of School Leadership and Teacher Quality.