Begin Main Content Area

​Establishing and Maintaining Relationships - Pre-K - K

Interact in pro-social ways (e.g., reciprocal conversation, turn taking, sharing) with peers and adults
Engage in reciprocal communication with peers and adults
Recognize that conflict occurs and identify ways to respond

Interact in pro-social ways (e.g., reciprocal conversation, turn taking, sharing) with peers and adults

Performance Indicators
The learner will:
Supportive Practices
The adult will:
Teaching Strategies
  • Engage in reciprocal conversation with familiar peers and adults.
  • Respond to familiar adult's questions and directions.
  • Interact with others for a purpose
  • Play cooperatively for a sustained period of time.
  • Respect feelings and belongings of others.

     

     
  • Conduct a morning meeting during which students share a compliment with their peers.
  •  Model appropriate methods and strategies of interaction based on school and community culture.
  • Talk about ideas related to school work, play, and home life.
  • Arrange the environment to encourage collaboration.
  •  Provide duplicate materials so students can play together. 
  • Set timers to encourage material or equipment sharing.
  •  Incorporate daily blocks of time for uninterrupted student-directed play.
  •  Provide daily opportunities for individual conversations between students and adults.
  • Describe others' feelings during difficult situations.
  • Use literature as a teaching strategy for appropriate and inappropriate interaction
  • Use children's literature for teaching students friendship skills (e.g., Hunter's Best Friend at School and Best Friends for Frances).
  • Have students practice saying "please," "thank you," and "excuse me" when appropriate.
  • Use specific feedback to encourage students when they listen well (e.g., Thank you for listening when I was talking.).
  • Ask students to find and share three things they have in common with a friend and three things that are different.
  • Rehearse appropriate questions students can ask guest speakers about their jobs for an upcoming career day.

Engage in reciprocal communication with peers and adults

Performance Indicators
The learner will:
Supportive Practices
The adult will:
Teaching Strategies
  • Provide responses related to topic posed by adults and peers.
  • Communicate using detail related to topic.  
  • Allow wait time before responding.
  • Engage in turn taking when communicating with others.
     
  • Explicitly restate comments made by students and encourage those responding to add further detail or contribute further to the topic being discussed.
  •  Explicitly teach students what a question is.
  • Help students create and pose questions to initiate or continue a conversation.
  • Model acceptable conversational cues. (e.g., wait time, turn-taking).
  • Talk about events that are currently relevant to students.
  • Have students practice posing and answering questions with peers and adults.

Recognize that conflict occurs and identify ways to respond

Performance Indicators
The learner will:
Supportive Practices
The adult will:
Teaching Strategies
  • Use words and actions to express one's own desires in ways that respect others.
  • Identify a problem and discuss possible solutions.
  • Solve simple conflicts with peers. (e.g., share, take turns, apologize, try something else, ask for help)
  • Use words to negotiate conflicts before seeking help.
  • Model, teach, and discuss possible strategies for resolving conflict. (e.g., use of puppets, role-playing, stories demonstrating conflict resolution)
  • Be open and available to help students resolve conflicts. (e.g., "I" messages) 
  • Teacher holds class discussions so students can solve class problems.
  • Teach students to use "I" messages to communicate feelings in a conflict situation.
  • Design an area in the room that encourages students to solve conflicts.
  • Utilize children's literature to discuss ways the characters resolved a conflict.  Students can illustrate that part of the story.
  • Have students work in pairs using puppets to identify conflicts and show responses. Use class discussion to determine whether the conflict needs an adult helper.
  • Provide students with opportunities to problem solve by stating the problem clearly and providing ground rules to discuss the problem rationally to arrive at a solution.