Reporting and Transparency
ESSA requires that student performance be reported at the whole school level, and disaggregated by student subgroup. Consistent with federal reporting requirements, Pennsylvania proposes to report subgroup performance for the following:
- All students
- Economically Disadvantaged Students
- English Learners
- Race/ethnicity: African-American/Black; American Indian or Alaskan Native; Asian (not Hispanic); Hawaiian Native or Pacific Islander; Hispanic; Multi-Racial (not Hispanic); White
- Students with Disabilities
The law further requires that states specify a threshold – or “minimum N” – for reporting subgroup data. States are encouraged to set a minimum N that will ensure appropriate levels of public disclosure and understanding of subgroup performance without compromising data quality or student privacy. Pennsylvania is
proposing a minimum N of 20; this determination is based on discussions with
education and other stakeholders, consultation with Pennsylvania’s technical
advisory committee, and review of data on the number of schools statewide that
would be able to report important subgroup level data at various proposed N sizes.
Like No Child Left Behind, ESSA requires states to identify schools that may need additional support; unlike NCLB, those determinations can derive from an array of valid indicators, and states have significant flexibility in designing the supports that follow. ESSA asks states to identify two categories of schools that require additional supports:
- Comprehensive Support and Improvement (CSI) schools, based on school performance that falls in the bottom five percent of all Title I buildings in a state; and
- Targeted Support and Improvement (TSI) schools, based on low performance by student subgroups.