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The fourth strand of the Career Education and Work Standards addresses helping students understand the characteristics of an entrepreneur and by the 11th grade requires them to have completed a business plan. This gives students the skills to create the job they want and to learn to think like an entrepreneur.

Entrepreneurship Training is the process of providing individuals with the concepts and skills to recognize opportunities that others have overlooked and to have the insight, self-esteem and knowledge to act where others have hesitated. It includes instruction in opportunity recognition, marshaling resources in the face of risk, and initiating a business venture. It also includes instruction in business management processes such as business planning, capital development, marketing, and cash flow analysis.

Skills Needed to be an Entrepreneur

Comparing 21st Century Skills, Entrepreneurship Skills and the CEW Standards (Word)

Business Plan Models and Advice

  • SCORE "Counselors to America's Small Business"
    SCORE "Counselors to America's Small Business" is a nonprofit association dedicated to educating entrepreneurs and the formation, growth and success of small business nationwide. SCORE is a resource partner with the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA). The website includes a template gallery that includes a business plan model, cash flow and sales forecasting tools. In addition local volunteers are willing to work with schools and teachers.
  • U.S. Small Business Administration
    Tools to help plan and create a small business including instructions on how to write a business plan and examples of complete business plans.

Entrepreneurship Resources

  • Junior Achievement Center: Plan a Business
    The Junior Achievement Center website includes a business plan, start up kits, an information toolbox and resource lists.
  • Consortium for Entrepreneurship Education
    This web page is for teachers, instructors, program developers and others who help students of all ages find their own entrepreneurial opportunities. Link to Entrepreneurship Education, small business design, micro-enterprise, small business management, and enterprising behavior are included. The site contains the national content standards for entrepreneurship education and information about national entrepreneurship week.
  • National Council for Economics Education
    The National Council on Economic Education (NCEE) is a nationwide network that leads in promoting economic literacy with students and their teachers. NCEE's mission is to help students develop the real-life skills they need to succeed: to be able to think and choose responsibly as consumers, savers, investors, citizens, members of the workforce, and effective participants in a global economy. Resources on youth entrepreneurship programs include Mini-Society ®, Making a Job and EntrePrep.
  • Pennsylvania Free Enterprise Week
    Pennsylvania Free Enterprise Week is an intensive program that educates high school students about the American free enterprise system. By bringing motivated students together with business people from throughout the state this unique concept in learning has enhanced the lives of more than 45,000 young adults for over forty years.

Financial Education Information

  • National Endowment for Financial Education
    Since 1984, NEFE has been addressing youth financial literacy with the nationally known NEFE High School Financial Planning Program ® (HSFPP). The HSFPP consists of a seven unit student manual, instructor's guide, and a dynamic suite of Web pages that offer a large, continually growing collection of resources, articles, and financial tools for teachers, students, and parents.
  • Your Money's Best Friend
    A web site just for Pennsylvanians where you can find resources to help depend your understanding of financial issues, deal with major milestones in your life, and connect with state and local services to help you make the most of your hard-earned money. Sponsored by the Office of Financial Education, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.