Stakeholder perceptions of the school's safety provide insight into the overall school climate. These include stakeholders' perceptions of physical and emotional safety of the school, as well as the extent to which:
- the school is prepared to prevent and respond to emergencies;
- behavioral expectations are clear and enforced; and
- the school environment is perceived as orderly and predictable.
Perceptions of school safety are also influenced by students' social and emotional experiences in school, as well as school personnel's perceived responsiveness to safety threats. Bullying and other forms of peer aggression and harassment impact students' emotional safety and should be addressed as part of action planning when indicated.