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‚ÄčAcademic Standards for Safety

10.3. Safety and Injury Prevention

Pennsylvania's public schools shall teach, challenge and support every student to realize his or her maximum potential and to acquire the knowledge and skills needed to:

10.3.3. GRADE 3 10.3.6 GRADE 6 10.3.9. GRADE 9 10.3.12. GRADE 12

A. Recognize safe/unsafe practices in the home, school and community.

  • general (e.g., fire, electrical, animals)
  • modes of transportation (e.g., pedestrian, bicycle, vehicular)
  • outdoor (e.g., play, weather, water)
  • safe around people (e.g., safe/ unsafe touch, abuse, stranger, bully)

B. Recognize emergency situations and explain appropriate responses.

  • importance of remaining calm
  • how to call for help
  • simple assistance procedures
  • how to protect self

C. Recognize conflict situations and identify strategies to avoid or resolve.

  • walk away
  • I-statements
  • refusal skills
  • adult intervention

D. Identify and use safe practices in physical activity settings (e.g., proper equipment, knowledge of rules, sun safety, guidelines of safe play, warm-up, cool-down).

A. Explain and apply safe practices in the home, school and community.

  • emergencies (e.g., fire, natural disasters)
  • personal safety (e.g., home alone, latch key, harassment)
  • communication (e.g., telephone, Internet)
  • violence prevention (e.g., gangs, weapons)

B. Know and apply appropriate emergency responses.

  • basic first aid
  • Heimlich maneuver
  • universal precautions

C. Describe strategies to avoid or manage conflict and violence.

  • anger management
  • peer mediation
  • reflective listening
  • negotiation

D. Analyze the role of individual responsibility for safety during physical activity.

A. Analyze the role of individual responsibility for safe practices and injury prevention in the home, school and community.

  • modes of transportation (e.g., pedestrian, bicycle, vehicular, passenger, farm vehicle, all-terrain vehicle)
  • violence prevention in school
  • self-protection in the home
  • self-protection in public places

B. Describe and apply strategies for emergency and long-term management of injuries.

  • rescue breathing
  • water rescue
  • self-care
  • sport injuries

C. Analyze and apply strategies to avoid or manage conflict and violence during adolescence.

  • effective negotiation
  • assertive behavior

D. Analyze the role of individual responsibility for safety during organized group activities.

A. Assess the personal and legal consequences of unsafe practices in the home, school or community.

  • loss of personal freedom
  • personal injury
  • loss of income
  • impact on others
  • loss of motor vehicle operator's license

B. Analyze and apply strategies for the management of injuries.

  • CPR
  • advanced first aid

C. Analyze the impact of violence on the victim and surrounding community.

D. Evaluate the benefits, risks and safety factors associated with self-selected life-long physical activities.