Pennsylvania created a three-step system for designating Comprehensive Support and Improvement (CSI) schools that will apply to all schools receiving funds under Title I, Part A. This process gradually narrows the number of eligible schools until the state designates five percent of Title I buildings statewide, consistent with ESSA requirements; for Pennsylvania, this is approximately 100 schools statewide. The steps are as follows:
Step 1. Preliminary designation based on academic achievement and academic growth Pennsylvania will initially categorize schools as eligible for designation based on performance in two domains:
- The percentage of students scoring proficient or advanced on state assessments in English language arts and mathematics combined over two years (2016-17 and 2017-18 for the Fall 2018 round of designation); AND
- Academic growth as expressed by PVAAS-reported Average Growth Index, indicating if the school met the PA Standard for Academic Growth over two years (2016-17 and 2017-18).
For Fall 2018 accountability determinations, schools reporting proficiency rates of 31.5 percent and below and growth scores of -1.01 and below are eligible for designation.
Step 2. Final designation based on additional academic and non-academic indicators. Next, Pennsylvania will examine the performance of schools designated in Step 1 on remaining accountability indicators. Schools designated in Step 1 will be designated for CSI if they:
- Fall below state-designated performance levels on high school graduation rate or English learner proficiency; OR
- Fall below state-designated performance levels on both regular attendance and career readiness indicators. See Appendix C for examples of the interplay among Step 2 indicators for purposes of CSI designation.
Step 3. Designation of additional high schools with low graduation rates. In addition to steps 1 and 2, ESSA requires that states designate "all public high schools in the state failing to graduate one third or more of their students." Pennsylvania will designate any such schools, regardless of Title I status, through evaluation of the four- and five-year adjusted cohort graduation rates.
View a list of CSI Schools.