Begin Main Content Area

School Improvement and Accountability

The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) provides each state with enhanced flexibility to designate and serve schools in need of support. 

The process of identifying schools for support—termed "Annual Meaningful Differentiation" by the federal statute—results in two federally-prescribed designations, made at least every three years beginning December 2018:

  1. Comprehensive Support and Improvement (CSI): Schools facing the most significant challenges in academic achievement, student growth, and other areas; and
  2. Additional Targeted Support and Improvement (A-TSI): Schools in which performance by one or more student groups is at or below the level of the CSI schools.

ESSA requires states to designate schools for an additional category of support, Targeted Support and Improvement (TSI), on an annual basis beginning Fall 2019.  States have greater latitude in designating and supporting these schools, which may move in and out of improvement cycles with greater fluidity than the CSI and A-TSI schools designated every three years. Learn more about Pennsylvania's process for designating TSI schools.

Whatever the designation, ESSA provides states new flexibility to address conditions, strategies, and investments to ensure equitable opportunities for all students, and strike the appropriate balance between holding schools accountable for improving and providing extra tools and resources. In an important shift from No Child Left Behind policies, Pennsylvania's approach to ESSA implementation emphasizes collaboration between state and local stakeholders to identify and address root causes for existing problems, to implement appropriate and evidence-based corrective actions, and to carefully monitor the pace of improvement.

View a list of the Comprehensive Support & Improvement (CSI) schools (Excel), Additional Targeted Support & Improvement (ATSI) schools (Excel) and Targeted Support & Improvement schools (Excel).